Human Dimensions of Urban Forestry and Urban Greening
Nature and Consumer Environments Trees and Transporation Civic Ecology Policy & Planning Urban Forestry and Human Benefits
 

A variety of print products describe this research program, and are available as pdf files. These materials are for educational use, and should not be used for commercial purposes.

Fact Sheets
Professional Publications
Scholarly Publications

 
 

Fact Sheets

Urban Nature Benefits: Psycho-Social Dimensions of People and Plants - Fact Sheet 1 (pdf 44 K)
Growing with Green: Business Districts and the Urban Forest - Fact Sheet 2 (pdf 144 K)
Urban Forest Values: Economic Benefits of Trees in Cities - Fact Sheet 3 (pdf 44 K)
Trees in Business Districts: Comparing Values of Consumers and Business - Fact Sheet 4 (pdf 272 K)
Trees in Business Districts: Positive Effects on Consumer Behavior! - Fact Sheet 5 (pdf 216 K)
Nature & People Benefits Reading List - Fact Sheet 6 (pdf 80 K)
Transportation Studies: Social Science Approaches and Contributions - Fact Sheet 7 (pdf 116 K)
The Calming Effect of Green: Roadside Landscape and Driver Stress - Fact Sheet 8 (pdf 132 K)
The Freeway Roadside Environment: Testing Visual Quality at the Road Edge - Fact Sheet 9 (pdf 132 K)
Community Image: Roadside Settings and Public Perceptions - Fact Sheet 10 (pdf 148 K)
Using Case Studies in Urban Forestry Education - Fact Sheet 11 (pdf 32 K)
Visitor Preferences for Trees in Streetscapes: Nature and Commerce in Athens, GA - Fact Sheet 12 (pdf 964 K)
Research on Business Visitors' Behavior: Trees and Commerce in Athens, GA - Fact Sheet 13 (pdf 564 K)
Nonpoint Source Pollution: Landowner Psychology and Action: Fact Sheet (pdf 16 K)

Nonpoint Source Pollution: Learning Methods and Their Effectiveness: Fact Sheet (pdf 28 K)

Research About Youth Benefits From Nature and Forest Experiences - Fact Sheet 14 (pdf 35 K)
Trees, Parking & Green Law: Legal Tools and Strategies for Sustainability - Fact Sheet 15 (pdf 47 K)
Trees in Small City Business Districts: Comparing Resident and Visitor Response - Fact Sheet 16 (pdf 160 K)
Trees on Main Street: Influences on Retail and Shopping Behavior - Fact Sheet 17 (pdf 104 K)
Trees in Urban Streetscapes: Research on Traffic Safety and Crash Risk- Fact Sheet 18 (pdf 120 K)
Youth and Urban Forestry Work: studies of developmental benefits - Fact Sheet (pdf 96 K)
Managing the Forests Where We Live: An Assessment of Washington State Cities - Fact Sheet 19 (pdf 436 K)

Research Needs for Urban Forestry in the Pacific Northwest Region - Fact Sheet 20 (pdf 164 K)

Research Outreach Content: Delivering Messages for Policy Change - Creating Change with Science; Fact Sheet 21 (290 K pdf, B&W 390 K pdf)
Urban Forestry as Innovation: Communication & Community Need - Creating Change with Science; Fact Sheet 22 (650 K pdf, B&W 260 K pdf)

Urban Forestry Innovation & Adoption: Connecting to Professionals- Creating Change with Science; Fact Sheet 23 (300 K pdf, B&W 420 K pdf)

 

Professional Publications

 

Wolf, K.L. 2017. The Sanitary to Sustainable City: Place, Health, and Trees. Arborist News 26, 4, 40–43. (315 K pdf)

     
 

Wolf, K.L. 2017. Trees, Jobs, Health and Equity in the Urban Forest. Tree Care Industry Magazine 28, 5: 62-64. (1.6 M pdf)

     
 

Wolf, K.L. 2017. The Health Benefits of Small Parks and Green Spaces. Parks and Recreation 52, 4: 28-29. (318 K pdf)

     
 

Wolf, K.L. 2017. Nature for Human Health and Wellness. Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin 78,4: 18-22. (5.8 M pdf)

     
 

Wolf, K.L., and W. Brinkley. 2016. Sites To Systems: Nearby Nature for Human Health. Annapolis, MD: The TKF Foundation, 17 pp. (3.6 M pdf) (link)

     
 

Wolf, K.L. 2016. Nature's Riches: The Health and Financial Benefits of Nearby Nature. University of Washington and The Nature Conservancy (4.0 M pdf)

     
   

Wolf, K.L., & E. Housley. 2016. The Benefits of Nearby Nature in Cities for Older Adults. Annapolis MD: TKF Foundation, 16 pp. (1.7 M pdf)

     
   

Wolf, K.L. 2016. Science in the City: Urban Trees, Forests, and People. Western Forester 61, 4: 4-7. (1 M pdf)

     
   

Wolf, K.L. (editor). 2016 (second edition). Ten-Year Urban Forestry Action Plan: 2016-2026 - Research Needs. Report prepared for the National Urban and Community Advisory Council by American Forest Foundation and the University of Virginia Institute for Environmental Negotiation. Washington D.C.: USDA Forest Service, 20 pp. (10.7 M pdf)

     
   

Ciecko, L.; Kimmett, D.; Saunders, J.; Katz, R.; Wolf, K.L.; Bazinet, O.; Richardson, J.; Brinkley, W.; Blahna, DJ. 2016. Forest Landscape Assessment Tool (FLAT): rapid assessment for land management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-941. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 51 p. (link)

     
   

House, E., C. O'Connor, K. Wolf, J. Israel, & T. Reynolds. 2016. Outside our Doors: the benefits of cities where people and nature thrive. Seattle, WA: The Nature Conservancy, Washington State Chapter, 26 pp. (4.05 M pdf) (link)

     
   

Wolf, K.L. 2016 (February). Uncovering Benefits of the Urban Forest: A look at how urban forestry investment assists local economies, public health. Properties Magazine 70, 2, 55-57. (2.2 M pdf) (link)

     
   

Wolf, K.L., and E. Housley. 2016. The Sacred and Nearby Nature in Cities. Annapolis, MD: The TKF Foundation, 59 pp. (6.9 M pdf) (link)

     
   

Svendsen, E.S.; Campbell, L.K.; Fisher, D.R.; Connolly, J.J.T.; Johnson, M.L.; Sonti, N.F.; Locke, D.H.; Westphal, L.M.; LeBlanc Fisher, C.; Grove, J.M.; Romolini, M.; Blahna, D.J.; Wolf, K.L. 2016. Stewardship mapping and assessment project: a framework for understanding community-based environmental stewardship. General Technical Report 156. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 134 p. (5.5 M pdf) (link)

     
   

Wolf, K.L. 2015. Metro Nature for Mental Health and Wellness: horticulture secondary benefits Chronica Horticulturae 55, 4, 5-11. (7.3 M pdf)

     
   

Wolf, K. 2015. Urban Green Space for Mental Wellness: Reflect, Restore, and Heal. CITY GREEN: A Centre for Urban Greenery and Ecology Publication 11, 152-159. (info link) (1.4 M pdf)

     
   

Wolf, K.L. 2015. Nature Benefits in Cities: a research round-up on mental wellness. Ground, Landscape Architect Quarterly (Ontario Association of Landscape Architects) 31, 28-31. (7.5 M pdf)

     
    Green strategies to improve public health and save billions. In: International Innovations, 195, 56-57. (704 K pdf)

    Wolf, K.L. 2015. Invest From the Ground Up! The Benefits and Economics of City Trees and Greening. In: Johnston, M., and Percival, G. (eds.) Trees, People and the Built Environment II (pp 20-31). Institute of Chartered Foresters: Edinburgh. (248 K pdf) (link)

   

Wolf, K.L., and C. Vondrasek. 2014. Technologies for Metro Nature Health Benefits Mapping. Seattle: University of Washington. (24.5 M pdf)

     
    Wolf, K.L., & E. Housley. 2014. Environmental Equality: Providing Nearby Nature for Everyone. Annapolis MD: TKF Foundation, 16 pp. (1 M pdf) (link)

    Wolf, K.L., & E. Housley. 2014. Reflect and Restore: Urban Green Space for Mental Wellness. Annapolis MD: TKF Foundation, 12 pp. (8.2 M pdf)

    Wolf, K.L., & E. Housley. 2013. Feeling Stressed? Take a Time Out in Nature. Annapolis MD: TKF Foundation, 8 pp. (2.4 M pdf)

    Wolf, K.L. 2014 (April). Water and Wellness: Green Infrastructure for Health Co-Benefits. Stormwater Report. online :: text version with references

    Wolf, K.L. 2014. Greening the City for Health. Communities & Banking 25, 1: 10-12.(download)

    Wolf, K.L. 2013. Stewardship Mapping: Understanding the Groups That Work for Urban Greening. Arborist News 22, 6: 54-58.

    Wolf, K.L. 2013. Why Do We Need Trees? Let's Talk About Ecosystem Services. Arborist News 22, 4:32-35. (864 K pdf)

    Wolf, K.L. 2013 (spring). The Urban Forest. Communities & Banking 24, 2: 25-27. (1.7 M pdf)

    Wolf, K.L. 2012 (October). Economics of City Trees. Sitelines: Landscape Architecture in British Columbia, 14-17. (875 K pdf)

    Ciecko, L., K. Tenneson, J. Dilley, and K.L. Wolf. August 2012. Seattle's Forest Ecosystem Values: Analysis of the Structure, Function, and Economic Benefits. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station and City of Seattle, 26 pp. (21 M pdf)

    Wolf, K.L., & M.A. Rozance. 2011. Social Science, Economics, and Making Science Relevant: The Puget Sound Social-Ecological System. Proceedings of the 2011 Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference. Vancouver B.C., Canada. (1 M pdf)

    Wolf, K.L. 2011. Green Cities for Good Health: A Tool for Urban Forestry Advocacy. City Trees: Journal of the Society of Municipal Arborists, 7, 2: 8-15. (5.5 M pdf - or - link)

    Wolf, K.L. 2010 (January/February). City Trees, Nature and Physical Activity. Facility Management Journal 20, 1: 50-54. (553 K pdf)

    Wolf, K. L. 2009 (August). Trees Mean Business: City Trees and the Retail Streetscape. Main Street News 263: 1-9. (2 M pdf)

    Wolf, K. L. 2009 (April). More in Store: Research on City Trees and Retail. Arborist News 18, 2: 22-27. (456 K pdf)

Wolf, K.L. 2008 (September/October). City Trees and Property Values. Facility Management Journal pp:120-124. (636 K pdf)

Wolf, K.L. August 2007. City Trees and Property Values. Arborist News 16, 4: 34-36. (284 K pdf)

Wolf, K.L. 2008. Science and Community Change: Technology Transfer, Urban Forestry, and Local Government Policy. In: Smith, G.K.M., & L.J. Buse (eds.), Evolving Challenges and Changing Expectations for Forestry Extension and Technology Transfer: Popular Summaries of International IUFRO Conference. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario Forest Research Institute, Forest Research Information Paper No. 172, pp. 72-74. (1.9 M pdf)

Wolf, K.L. 2008 (February). City Trees, Nature and Physical Activity: A Research Review. Arborist News 17, 1: 22-24. (840 K pdf) and (160 K pdf with citations)

Wolf, K.L. 2008 (Winter). With Plants in Mind: Social Benefits of Civic Nature. MasterGardener, 2, 1:7-11. (1.8 M pdf) and (156 K pdf with citations)

Wolf, K.L., & L.E. Kruger. 2008. Urban Forestry Research and Technology Transfer: A Needs Assessment for the Pacific Northwest Region. Prepared for the Pacific Northwest Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, 50 pp. (1 M pdf)

Hinrichs, J.J., and Wolf, K.L. 2008. Next Steps! An Assessment of National Urban Forestry Policy & Outreach. Prepared for the National Sustainable Urban Forests Coalition. Champaign Ill: International Society of Arboriculture. (884 K pdf)

Wolf, K. L. 2007. Urban Forestry in Washington’s Cities and Towns. TreeLink, Washington Department of Natural Resources Community Forestry Program, No. 20, Fall. (3.9 M pdf) (1.9 M print version)

Wolf, K.L., and L.E. Kruger. 2007. What Should We Know? An Assessment of Urban Forestry Research Needs in the Pacific Northwest. In: Sustaining America’s Forests: Proceedings of the 2007 Society of American Foresters National Convention. Bethesda MD: Society of American Foresters., to policy (Portland, OR) (336 K pdf)

Wolf, K. L. 2007. Goals of the National Urban Forestry 10 Year Research Plan. In: Sustaining America’s Forests: Proceedings of the Society of American Foresters 2007 National Convention. Bethesda MD: Society of American Foresters., to policy (Portland, OR) (260 K pdf)

Wolf, K.L., and EarthCorps. 2007. Trees and Youth in the City: Research on Urban Forest Stewardship & Positive Youth Development. In: Sustaining America’s Forests: Proceedings of the Society of American Foresters 2007 National Convention. Bethesda MD: Society of American Foresters (Portland, OR). (300 K pdf)

Augustin, S., and J.M. Cackowski-Campbell. 2007. Research Design Connections-Trees and Retail. Landscape Architecture 97, 8: 60. (pdf 1.6 M)

Wolf, K.L. August 2007. City Trees and Property Values. Arborist News pp. 34-36. (284 K pdf) and (48 K pdf with citations)

Wolf, K.L. 2007. Learning Sustainability: To Know and To Act. Public Garden 22, 1: 12-15. (pdf 3.6 M)

Wolf, K. L. 2007. Science in the City: Urban Forestry Research. Western Forester, 52, 1:10-13. (3.2 M pdf)

Wolf, K. L. 2006 (December). Roadside Urban Trees: Balancing Safety and Community Values. Arborist News, 15, 6: 56-58. (pdf 148 K)

Study Finds Transportation Policy Regarding Trees Outdated. The Forestry Source, August 2006, Vol. 11, No. 8, p. 13. (6.2 M pdf)

Trees are worth downtown's investment. April 2006. Downtown Idea Exchange. (pdf 204 K)

Clark, J., W. Kruidenier, and K. Wolf. 2005. A National Research Plan for Urban Forestry 2005-2015. Washington D.C.: National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council/USDA Forest Service (pdf 6.1 M)

Trees are Good for Business. 2005. Technical Publication of the Pacific Northwest Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture, Portland OR. (pdf 14.7 M)

Wolf, K. L. 2004. Trees, Parking and Green Law: Legal Tools and Strategies for Sustainability. Woodnotes, 7, 2, (link)

Wolf, K. L. 2004. The Value of Nature: Economics of Trees and Parks. Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin, 65, 4, 7-11.(pdf 1.3 M)

Wolf, K. L. 2003. Urban Forest: From Tree to Forest. ARCADE-Architecture/Design in the Northwest, 21, 4, 39. (pdf 413 K)

The Benefits of Urban Trees: A Literature Summary. Warwick District Council, UK. 2003. (pdf 10.2 M)

Tree Investment Brings Cities Many Happy Returns. Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce, August 2001. (pdf 168 K)

The View from the Road: The Urban Forest and Our Freeways. In TreeLink, newsletter of the Washington Department of Natural Resources Community Forestry Program, No. 18, Summer 2001. (pdf 1.1 M)

Trees in Business Districts: Testing Visual Quality at the Roadside Edge. In Vistas, publication of the National Scenic Byways Program, March 2001.

Wolf, K. 2000. Nature and the Arboretum Visitor. Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin, 61, 4, 2-5.

The Nature of Driving: Roadsides Have Positive Effects and Benefits. In Ex-Press, publication of the Washington State Department of Transportation, August 1999.

Grow for the Gold. In TreeLink, newsletter of the Washington Department of Natural Resources Community Forestry Program, No. 14, Spring 1999. (pdf 348 K)

Hamilton, C. W., R. Bell, D. Giblin, K. Wolf, and K. Ewing. 1998. Planting for Sustainable Roadsides: Empirical and Experimental Studies and Recommendations for Western Washington. Technical Research Report WA-RD 439.1. Olympia, WA: WA Dept of Transportation. Chapter Four: Landscape Perception and Roadside Design Guidelines.

 

Scholarly Publications

  Frumkin, H., G.N. Bratman, S.J. Breslow, B. Cochran, P.H. Kahn, J.J. Lawler, P.S. Levin, P. S. Tandon, U. Varanasi, K.L. Wolf, S.A. Wood. 2017. Nature contact and human health: A research agenda. Environmental Health Perspectives 125, 7, 075001. (link)
  Wolf, K. L., Housley, E. 2016. Young Adult Conservation Jobs and Worker Health. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60, 10, 1853-870. (link)
  Wolf, K.L. 2017. Social Aspects of Urban Forestry and Metro Nature. In: Ferrini, F., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C., and Fini, A. Handbook of Urban Forestry. Routledge.
  Ulmer, J. M., Wolf, K. L., Backman, D. R., Tretheway, R. L., Blain, C. J., ONeil-Dunne, J. P., Frank, L. D. 2016. Multiple health benefits of urban tree canopy: The mounting evidence for a green prescription. Health & Place 42, 54-62. (link)
    Wolf, K.L., A.S.T. Robbins. 2015 (reprint). Metro nature, environmental health, and economic value. Environmental Health Perspectives 123, 5:390-8. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine (Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention) 32, 11, 1090. (0.5 M pdf)
    Wolf, K.L., M.K. Measells, S.C. Grado, A.S.T. Robbins. 2015. Economic values of metro nature health benefits: A life course approach. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 14, 694-701. (link)
    Wolf, K.L., A.S.T. Robbins. 2015. Metro nature, environmental health, and economic value. Environmental Health Perspectives 123, 5:390-8. (link)
    Daniels, J.M., A.S. Robbins, W.R. Brinkley, K.L. Wolf, and J.M. Chase. 2014. Toward Estimating the Value of Stewardship Volunteers: A Cost-based Valuation Approach in King County, Washington, USA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 13, 2: 285-89.
    Wellman, K.F., K. Biedenweg, and K. Wolf. 2014. Social Sciences in Puget Sound Recovery. Coastal Management 42, 4: 298-307.
    Wolf, K.L. 2014. City Trees and Consumer Response in Retail Business Districts (pp. 152-172). In: F. Musso, & E. Druica (eds.) Handbook of Research on Retailer-Consumer Relationship Development. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
    Wolf, K.L., and C. Vondrasek. 2014. Technologies for Metro Nature Health Benefits Mapping. Seattle: University of Washington, 47 pp. (24.4 M pdf)
    Dilley, J., & K.L. Wolf. 2013. Homeowner Interactions with Residential Trees in Urban Areas. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 39, 6: 267-277.
    Wolf, K.L., D. Blahna, W. Brinkley, M. Romolini. 2013. Environmental Stewardship Footprint Research: Linking Human Agency and Ecosystem Health in the Puget Sound Region. Urban Ecosystems 16: 13-32.
    Wolf, K.L. 2012. The Changing Importance of Ecosystem Services across the Landscape Gradient (pp. 127-146). In: Laband, D.N., B.G. Lockaby, and W. Zipperer (eds.) Urban–Rural Interfaces: Linking People and Nature. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy/Soil Science Society of America/Crop Science Society of America.
    Wolf, K.L. 2012. The Nature and Health Connection: Social Capital and Urban Greening Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 2012 International Society of Arboriculture Conference. Champaign-Urbana, International Society of Arboriculture. (212 K pdf)
    Romolini, M., W. Brinkley, and K.L. Wolf. 2012. What Is Urban Environmental Stewardship? Working Toward a Practitioner-Derived Definition in Seattle. Research Note PNW-RN-566, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland OR, 41 pp. (910 K pdf)
    Wolf, K.L. 2010. Urban Ecosystem Services: Metro Nature and Human Well-Being. In: D.N. Laband (ed.), Linking Science and Society: Proceedings of Emerging Issues Along Urban/Rural Interfaces III. Atlanta GA. (78 K pdf)
Brinkley, W., K.L. Wolf, and D.J. Blahna. 2010. Stewardship Footprints and Potential Ecosystem Recovery: Preliminary Data for Seattle and Puget Sound. In: D.N. Laband (ed.), Linking Science and Society: Proceedings of Emerging Issues Along Urban/Rural Interfaces III. Atlanta GA. (260 K pdf)
    Wolf, K.L., & L.E. Kruger. 2010. Urban Forestry Research Needs: A Participatory Assessment Process. Journal of Forestry 108, 1: 39-44. (78 K pdf)
Joye, Y., K. Willems, M. Brengman, & K. Wolf. 2010. The Effects of Urban Retail Greenery on Consumer Experience: Reviewing the Evidence from a Restorative Perspective. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 9, 1: 57-64. (222 K pdf)
    Wolf, K.L. 2009. Strip Malls, City Trees, and Community Values. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 35 (1): 33-40. (1.2 M pdf)
Wolf, K.L. 2008. Community Context and Strip Mall Retail: Public Response to the Roadside Landscape. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2060, 95-103. (1.5 M pdf)
Wolf, K. L. 2008. Community Context and Strip Mall Retail: Public Response to the Roadside Landscape, Paper 08-0842. Proceedings of the 87th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (January 13-17, 2008). Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science (Washington D.C.) (920 K pdf)
Wolf, K.L. 2008. Metro Nature Services: Functions, Benefits and Values, pp. 294-315. In: S.M. Wachter and E.L. Birch (Eds.), Growing Greener Cities: Urban Sustainability in the Twenty-First Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 416 pp. (4.3 M pdf)

Wolf, K.L. 2007. The Environmental Psychology of Trees. International Council of Shopping Centers Research Review 14, 3:39-43. (124 K pdf)

Wolf, K.L. 2007. Public Ideas and Local Policy in Urban Forestry: Reflections on a Program of Portable Science. In: C.C. Miner, R. Jacobs, D. Dykstra, and B. Bittner (eds.), Proceedings: International Conference on Transfer of Forest Science Knowledge and Technology. USDA Forest Service, PNW Research Station, General Technical Report PNW-GTR-726, pp. 249-255. (pdf 3.5 M)
Dixon, K. K., & K. L. Wolf. 2007. Benefits and Risks of Urban Roadside Landscape: Finding a Livable, Balanced Response. Proceedings of the 3rd Urban Street Symposium (June 24-27, 2007). Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science. (1 M pdf)
Wolf, K. L. 2007. Transportation, Large Infrastructure, and Context in Urban Areas: A Review of Human-Scale Perception and Response, Paper 07-1842. Proceedings of the 86th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (January 21-25, 2007). Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science. (520 K pdf)
Wolf, K. L. 2006. Assessing Public Response to the Freeway Roadside: Urban Forestry and Context Sensitive Solutions. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1984, 102-111. (1.9 M pdf)
Wolf, K. L. and N. J. Bratton. 2006. Urban Trees and Traffic Safety: Considering U.S. Roadside Policy and Crash Data. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 32, 4, 170-179. (pdf 180 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2006. Assessing Public Response to the Freeway Roadside: Urban Forestry and Context Sensitive Solutions, Paper 06-1586. Proceedings of the 85th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (January 22-26, 2006). Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science. (pdf 1.1 M)
Wolf, K. L. 2005. Business District Streetscapes, Trees And Consumer Response. Journal of Forestry, 103, 8, 396-400. (pdf 608 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2005. Trees In the Small City Retail Business District: Comparing Resident and Visitor Perceptions. Journal of Forestry, 103, 8, 390-395. (pdf 604 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2005. Business District Streetscapes, the Urban Forest and Consumer Response. In: Promoting Professional Tree Care, Proceedings of the 9th National Conference of the International Society of Arboriculture, Australia Chapter (ISAAC). Launceston, Tasmania: ISAAC. (pdf 680 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2005. The Urban Forest in the Roadsides: Public Values and Transportation Design. In: Promoting Professional Tree Care, Proceedings of the 9th National Conference of the International Society of Arboriculture, Australia Chapter (ISAAC). Launceston, Tasmania: ISAAC. (pdf 504 K)
Wolf, K. 2005. Civic Nature: Valuation: Assessments of Human Functioning and Well-Being in Cities. In: Forging Solutions: Applying Ecological Economics to Current Problems, Proceedings of the 3rd Biennial Conference of the U.S. Society for Ecological Economics (July 20-23,2005). Tacoma, WA: Earth Economics. (pdf 84 K)
Bratton, N.J. and K.L. Wolf. 2005. Trees and Roadside Safety in U.S. Urban Settings, Paper 05-0946. Proceedings of the 84th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (January 9-13, 2005). Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Science. (pdf 104 K)
Wolf, K.L. 2004. Trees and Business District Preferences: A Case Study of Athens, Georgia, U.S. Journal of Arboriculture, 30, 6, 336-346. (pdf 376 K)
Wolf, K.L. 2004. What Could We Lose? Economic Values of Urban Forest Benefits. In: Kenney, A. (ed.) Proceedings of the 6th Canadian Urban Forest Conference. Ottawa, Ontario: Tree Canada Foundation. (pdf 368 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2004. Economics and Public Value of Urban Forests. Urban Agriculture Magazine, Special Issue on Urban and Periurban Forestry, 13: 31-33. (pdf 124 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2004. Nature in the Retail Environment: Comparing Consumer and Business Response to Urban Forest Conditions. Landscape Journal, 23, 1, 40-51. (pdf 3.1 M)
Wolf, K. L. 2004. Public Value of Nature: Economics of Urban Trees, Parks and Open Space. In D. Miller and J. A. Wise (eds.), Design with Spirit: Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association. Edmond, OK.: Environmental Design Research Association (edra). (pdf 56 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Youth and Mental Health: Work Projects in Urban Green Space. In C. Kollin (ed.), Engineering Green: Proceedings of the 11th National Urban Forest Conference. Washington D.C.: American Forests. (pdf 304 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Ergonomics of the City: Green Infrastructure and Social Benefits. In C. Kollin (ed.), Engineering Green: Proceedings of the 11th National Urban Forest Conference. Washington D.C.: American Forests. (pdf 260 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Introduction to Urban and Community Forestry Programs in the United States. Landscape Planning and Horticulture, 4, 3 19-28 (Japan). (pdf 1.4 M)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Retail and Urban Nature: Creating a Consumer Habitat. Population and Environmental Psychology Bulletin, 29,1,1-6 (reprint of Amsterdam People/Plant Symposium proceedings). (pdf 268 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Public Response to the Urban Forest in Inner-City Business Districts. Special Issue on Social Aspects of Urban Forestry. Journal of Arboriculture, 29, 3, 117-126. (pdf 212 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2003. Freeway Roadside Management: The Urban Forest Beyond The White Line. Special Issue on Social Aspects of Urban Forestry. Journal of Arboriculture, 29, 3, 127-136. (pdf 280 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2002. Human Dimensions of the Urban Forest in Small City Business Settings. In SAF (ed.), Forestry at the Great Divide: Proceedings of the 2001 National Conference. Washington D.C.: Society of American Foresters. (pdf 555 K)
Wolf, K. L. 2001. Messages That Stick: Sharing Information with Decision-Makers. In C. Kollin (ed.) Investing in Natural Capital: Proceedings of the 10th National Urban Forest Conference. Washington D.C.: American Forests. (pdf 320 K)
Wolf, K. L. 1999. Nature and Commerce: Human Ecology in Business Districts. In C. Kollin (ed.) Building Cities of Green: Proceedings of the 9th National Urban Forest Conference. Washington D.C.: American Forests. (pdf 453 K)
Wolf, K. L. 1998. Community Action and Urban Forestry in Business Districts. In M. Ozonoff (ed.) Common Challenges and Shared Solutions in Urban and Community Forestry: Proceedings of the Best of the West Summit. Davis, CA: USFS Pacific Southwest Research Station. (pdf 1.2 M)
Wolf, K. L. 1997. Enterprising Landscapes: Business Districts and the Urban Forest. In C. Kollin (ed.) Cities by Nature's Design: Proceedings of the 8th National Urban Forest Conference. Washington D.C.: American Forests. (pdf 647 K)
Wolf, K. L. 1997. Psycho-Social Dynamics of the Urban Forest in Business Districts. In P. Williams & J. M. Zajicek (eds) People Plant Interactions in Urban Areas: Proceedings of a Research and Education Symposium. Blacksburg, VA: People Plant Council. (pdf 2.8 M)

 

 
 

Human Dimensions of Urban Forestry and Urban Greening
Nature & Consumer Environments - Trees & Transportation - Civic Ecology
Policy & Planning - Urban Forestry & Human Benefits

updated 11 Augus t 2017